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When preparing a set of documents to the application for the long-term resident's EU residence permit or permanent residence permit (in some cases) a foreigner must meet the requirement of having a 2, 4, 5 or 10-year continuous residence in the territory of Poland and begins to wonder what is a continuous residence according to the law. As a rule, the list of documents includes the entry "documents confirming that the stay with the territory of Poland was continuous or documents confirming the reasons for interruptions in the stay". What kind of documents?
The definition of continuous residence can be found in Article 195 (4) of the Act on foreigners and it reads as follows: if none of interruptions in stay was longer than 6 months and all breaks did not exceed a total of 10 months in the periods that form the basis for granting the foreigner a permanent residence permit, or no interruptions" unless the interruption was caused by:
This means that a foreigner cannot stay outside Poland for more than 10 months in the 2, 4, 5 or 10-year period before the submission of the residence application, if the departure is not documented for the reasons justified above, and none of the trips can be longer than 6 months.
Before submitting the application, the foreigner should make sure that all previous stays in Poland were on the basis of:
In addition, you should be aware of the fact that not all the bases of stay are taken into account, and some of them are counting for half. So, for example, do not count as a continuous stay the following bases:
For half of the period of residence in the territory of Poland is residence on the basis of a visa or permit for temporary residence permit issued for the purpose of study or vocational training, or in the course of the proceedings on the granting of refugee status.
It should be remembered that the document on the basis of which the foreigner resides in Poland is taken into account, and not the actual activity that he performs. This means that a working student who holds a residence permit for the purpose of studying at a university will have half the period counted, even if he works at the same time. If he has a temporary residence permit based on the work undertaken and in addition is a student - this period counts in full.
Visas, stamps in the passport, decisions of the Voivode are considered as confirmation of continuous residence. Sometimes it is worth keeping an old and invalidated passport, which contains the necessary visas and stamps as proof. In addition, the foreigner's trips are checked by the border guard at the request of the provincial office, to which an application for a long-term EU resident residence permit is submitted.